Horticulture Courses

Courses of Instruction (HORT)

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ACE Outcomes
HORT 110
Exploring Plant BiologyCrosslisted as AGRO 110, NRES 110
Plant biology and associated careers through interaction with university, industry, and/or government agency biologists and/or upper division undergraduate students working in the various disciplines of plant biology.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lecture, Recitation
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 127
Survey of Turfgrass and Landscape ManagementCrosslisted as TLMT 127, AGRO 127
Introduction to careers, internships and co-curricular activities in turfgrass and landscape management.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lecture 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
Introduction to the scientific concepts and practical skills involved in horticultural science.
This course is a prerequisite for: AGRO 305, HORT 212, HORT 325, HORT 350, HORT 352, HORT 353, HORT 354, HORT 355, TLMT 227
Credit Hours: 4
Course Format: Lab 2, Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 131
Plant ScienceCrosslisted as AGRO 131
Biology of plants grown for food, fiber, fun, or fuel. Plant life cycles in managed ecosystems and their role in global carbon and water cycles. Mechanisms plants use to drive and control their growth, propagate, and change to compete with other organisms in their environment.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 2, Recitation 1
Course Delivery: Classroom, Web
ACE Outcomes: 4
Prereqs:
AGRO 131 or parallel.
Growth, anatomy, morphology and physiology of fruits, vegetables, woody plants, ornamentals and turf. Emphasis on both field and greenhouse grown horticultural plants.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lab 2
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 153
Soil ResourcesCrosslisted as AGRO 153, SOIL 153
Prereqs:
High school chemistry or one semester college chemistry.
Characteristics of soils in relation to their appropriate uses and protection. Principles and practices using cooperative exercises including discussion, assessment, planning, problem-solving, writing, and presentation involving all aspects of soils.
This course is a prerequisite for: AECN 453, AGRO 269, AGRO 366, PGAM 229
Credit Hours: 4
Course Format: Lecture 1, Recitation 4
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 159
Current Topics in Plant Protection IICrosslisted as PLPT 260, AGRO 260, ENTO 260
Prereqs:
Sophomore standing.
Microbe, insect, and weed pests of plants in agricultural, landscape, and natural ecosystems. Potential impacts of new scientific, regulatory, and international trade developments on plant pests management.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lecture 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 160
Current Topics in Plant Protection ICrosslisted as PLPT 160, AGRO 160, ENTO 160
Microbe, insect, and weed pests of plants in agricultural, landscape, and natural ecosystems. Potential impacts of new scientific, regulatory, and international trade developments on plant pests management.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lecture 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
Introductory course in home landscaping focusing on basic design elements and processes. Students prepare a program, analyze a dwelling and site, determine a phased budget, conceptualize a layout, and select detailed elements and techniques to implement a design for an actual residence.
Credit Hours: 2
Course Format: Lab, Lecture 1, Recitation
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 200
Landscape and Environmental AppreciationCrosslisted as GEOG 200, LARC 200
Values and processes in human landscapes and natural environments. Concepts and tools to understand the context of local and global environments and significant historical landscapes. Landscape as an indicator of aesthetic quality, design principles and processes as integrators of humans and nature, and the garden as a model for creating sustainable landscapes.
This course is a prerequisite for: HORT 265, HORT 267
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 2, Recitation 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
ACE Outcomes: 9, 7
HORT 212
Landscape Plants ICrosslisted as NRES 212, LARC 212
Prereqs:
Requires Saturday off-campus field trips.
Identification using botanical and common names for herbaceous annuals, perennials, grasses, ground covers, vines, trees, and shrubs commonly found in Great Plains gardens, parks, and landscapes is stressed through field visits.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 2, Recitation 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 213
Landscape Plants IICrosslisted as NRES 213, LARC 213
Prereqs:
HORT/LARC/NRES 212.
Continuation of HORT/LARC/NRES 212.
Site requirements, landscape use, natural history, and specific needs of herbaceous ornamentals, grasses, ground covers, vines, trees, and shrubs commonly found in Great Plains gardens, parks, and landscapes. Common cultivars and additional species not covered in HORT//LARC/NRES 212.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab 2, Lecture 2
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 214
Herbaceous Landscape PlantsCrosslisted as NRES 214
Extensive field trips are required.
Identification of herbaceous plants with ornamental value in the landscape including native and introduced annuals, perennials, grasses and cultivars. Typical ecological associations, environmental tolerances and/or intolerance, cultural requirements, and design characteristics.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 2, Recitation 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 216
Plant Breeding Principles and PracticeCrosslisted as BIOS 216, AGRO 216
Prereqs:
High school biology and chemistry. BIOS 101 and 101L, or 102 or equivalent recommended.
Plant breeding theory and technique. Application of genetic principles to plant improvement. Experience with breeding agronomic and horticultural plant species to illustrate plant mating systems and breeding principles.
Credit Hours: 2
Course Format: Lecture 2
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
BIOS 109 or permission.
Principles and practices involved in sexual and asexual propagation of herbaceous and woody plants. Laboratory work includes actual practice to gain skill and experience on the different methods of propagating plants.
This course is a prerequisite for: HORT 462
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab 2, Lecture 2
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 227
Introductory Turfgrass ManagementCrosslisted as AGRO 227, TLMT 227, PGAM 227
Prereqs:
Introduction to turfgrasses, their management and use, and to the turfgrass industry.
This course is a prerequisite for: TLMT 327, TLMT 427
Credit Hours: 3
Max credits per degree: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 228
Introduction to Landscape ManagementCrosslisted as TLMT 228, AGRO 228
Prereqs:
TLMT/AGRO/HORT uses a team approach to problem solving, discussion, assessment planning, and oral presentations of applied case studies.
An overview of landscape management and landscape design. Principles and practices.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab 3, Lecture 2
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 229
Introductory Turfgrass Management LaboratoryCrosslisted as TLMT 229, AGRO 229
Concurrent enrollment with AGRO/HORT/TLMT 227 preferred. Required for Turfgrass Science majors, other students require instructor consent.
Laboratory covering turfgrass identification and management.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lab
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 242
North American Wildland PlantsCrosslisted as RNGE 242, AGRO 242
Prereqs:
Permission, AGRO/RNGE 240 recommended.
Identification and description of two-hundred important wildland plants of North America. Characteristics of these plants evaluated in terms of management implications.
Credit Hours: 1
Max credits per degree: 4
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 261
Principles of floral design and retail florist shop management, while offering practical experience in all aspects of flower arranging. Includes identification, care and handling, marketing and critiquing of floral designs.
This course is a prerequisite for: HORT 262
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab, Lecture
Course Delivery: Classroom
ACE Outcomes: 7
HORT 262
Prereqs:
HORT 261 or permission.
Offered spring semesters.
Advanced styles of floral design, foliage plant care and retail shop layout, as well as practical business knowledge in managing a small business. Topics include personnel, advertising, sales and floral marketing.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab, Lecture
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Graphic and oral presentation techniques for landscape design; sketching; introduction to use of various media and computers for visual communication and landscape analysis.
This course is a prerequisite for: HORT 267
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab 6
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
HORT 200, HORT 265 or permission.
HORT 267 requires individual and team projects, studio critiques, presentations, and may require off-campus site visits outside of scheduled class time.
Introduction to the process and elements of landscape design.
This course is a prerequisite for: HORT 300, HORT 301
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Studio 6
Course Delivery: Classroom
Groups: Techniques
HORT 270
Biological InvadersCrosslisted as AGRO 270, NRES 270, PLPT 270
Prereqs:
3 hrs biological sciences.
Impact of exotic species and invasive organisms: agricultural and medical emerging disease; predicting biological invasions; biological control; regulatory, monitoring, and control efforts; ecological impact.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 275
Agribusiness Entrepreneurial FinanceCrosslisted as AECN 275, AGRO 275, EAEP 275, ENTR 275
Overview of financial issues for agribusiness start-ups. Business funding specific to new enterprises. Case studies on financial practices for start-up firms.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Offered Spring Semester of odd years and alternate with HORT 301. HORT 300 requires field trips to landscape installation sites.
Materials, systems, and methods for constructing landscapes.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab 3, Lecture 2
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
HORT 267 or concurrent; HORT 388.
Offered Spring of even years and alternate with HORT 300.
Overview of the landscape contracting business and administration of contracts, cost estimation and bidding.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
Groups: Techniques
HORT 305
Geography of AgricultureCrosslisted as AGRO 305, GEOG 305
Prereqs:
AGRO 131 or 153 or HORT 130 or GEOG 140 or 155 or equivalent.
Historical, cultural and biophysical constraints of American agriculture through the integration of Web-based sources (USDA geospatial databases), geographic information systems, and spatial/temporal models. Introduction to crops and evolution of agriculture in North America and available digital resources (biogeoinformatics) to understand the patterns, trends, people, places and processes of rural landscapes.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab 3, Lecture 2
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Principles underlying the management of the greenhouse.
Credit Hours: 4
Course Format: Lab, Lecture 3, Recitation
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 326
Landscape SolutionsCrosslisted as TLMT 326, AGRO 326
Prereqs:
TLMT/AGRO/HORT 227 or 228.
Using processes and problem-solving approach to identify and analyze common landscape management situations in commercial, public, and residential landscapes. Integrate design, environment, function, pest and disease, and existing management practices to produce recommendations.
This course is a prerequisite for: TLMT 470
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab 4, Lecture 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 327
Turfgrass Science and ManagementCrosslisted as TLMT 327, AGRO 327
Prereqs:
Scientific principles of turf species adaptation, turf and/or soil relationships, establishment, fertility, mowing, irrigation, and pest control of turf species.
This course is a prerequisite for: TLMT 427
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab 3, Lecture 2
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 328
Turfgrass EquipmentCrosslisted as TLMT 328, AGRO 328, PGAM 328
Principles and procedures of turfgrass management equipment. Current technology, acquisition, operation, power trains, hydraulics, fuel systems, and maintenance of equipment.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lab 2, Lecture 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 329
Landscape EquipmentCrosslisted as TLMT 329, AGRO 329
Principles and procedures of landscape maintenance equipment, current technology, acquisition, operation, maintenance of equipment, power trains, hydraulics, and fuel systems.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lab 2, Lecture 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 330
Pruning OrnamentalsCrosslisted as TLMT 330, AGRO 330
TLMT/AGRO/HORT 330 will be offered during the last five-weeks of the second semester.
Why, when and how to prune ornamental landscape plants. Demonstrations and field opportunities on how to choose and how to use pruning tools correctly.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lab 2, Lecture 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Offered fall semester of even-numbered calendar years.
Principles underlying the management of orchards and small fruits. Includes site selection, culture, pruning, hardiness, rootstock and scion relationships, and insect and pest management.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab, Lecture 2, Recitation
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
HORT 130 or AGRO 131; parallel HORT 353 or 354.
Principles underlying the management and production of floricultural, fruit and vegetable crops.
This course is a prerequisite for: HORT 355
Credit Hours: 2
Course Format: Lecture 2
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Vegetable crop production principles and practices, both locally and from a global perspective. Experience with seeding, transplant production, and growing of vegetables in field and greenhouse.
This course is a prerequisite for: HORT 352
Credit Hours: 2
Course Format: Lab 2, Recitation 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Fruit crop production principles and practices, both locally and from a global perspective. Experience with planting, pruning and layout of orchard, vineyard and small fruit crops, greenhouse propagation, and production practices.
Credit Hours: 2
Course Format: Lab 2, Recitation 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
HORT 130 or AGRO 131. HORT 352 recommended.
Growing conditions of specific perennial, annual, pot plants, cut flowers. How to schedule and cost account plant production. Care of post-production plants. Experience propagating and growing perennial, pot and bedding plants and cut flowers in the greenhouse.
Credit Hours: 2
Course Format: Lab 2, Recitation 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 370
Biology of FungiCrosslisted as AGRO 370, PLPT 370
Prereqs:
8 hrs biological sciences.
Survey of fungi in natural and human ecosystems: symbiotic relationships; as disease agents in humans, animals, and plants; applications in food, agricultural, and pharmaceutical industries; historical and current impacts on society.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 388
Agribusiness EntrepreneurshipCrosslisted as AGRO 388, EAEP 388, ENTR 388, ABUS 388
Overview of types of agricultural enterprises. Basic accounting principles as they relate to agricultural businesses.  Requires completion of a marketing plan specific to agricultural enterprises based on a business idea.  Student team projects with emphasis on marketing.
This course is a prerequisite for: HORT 301
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom, Web
HORT 390
Current Topics in Plant Protection IIICrosslisted as PLPT 390, AGRO 390, ENTO 390
Prereqs:
Junior standing.
Microbe, insect, and weed pests of plants in agricultural, landscape, and natural ecosystems. Potential impacts of new scientific, regulatory, and international trade developments on plant pests management.
Credit Hours: 1
Max credits per degree: 2
Course Format: Lecture 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 395
Career ExperienceCrosslisted as TLMT 395, AGRO 395
Prereqs:
Sophomore standing; HORT or AGRO or TLMT major.
HORT/TLMT/AGRO 395 requires advanced permission before registering for the course. A written and oral report is required at the completion of the career experience.
Participation in a horticulture enterprise (other than in one of those in which the student has had previous experience).
Credit Hours: 1-5
Max credits per degree: 5
Course Format: Field
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Sophomore standing; 12 hours in subject areas dealing with plant sciences; and permission.
A completed and approved study plan contract is required.
Independent or group projects, readings, or research focusing on current aspects of horticulture.
Credit Hours: 1-5
Max credits per degree: 5
Course Format: Independent Study
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Junior standing; 12 hrs plant science; and permission.
HORT 399 requires advance approval of plan of work and is to be under the supervision and evaluation of a Horticulture departmental faculty member. Oral and written reports are mandatory at the completion of this Independent Study.
Individual or group projects in research, literature review, or extension of course work.
Credit Hours: 1-5
Max credits per degree: 12
Course Format: Independent Study
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 403
Scientific Writing and CommunicationCrosslisted as AGRO 403/803
Prereqs:
Senior standing or higher, an ACE 1 written communication course, an ACE 2 oral communication course, and permission of instructor.
Reading and critiquing, writing, and presenting scientific information. Use research data to compose a manuscript in standard scientific format, and prepare and present a poster to a general audience.  Ethical issues in research and writing.
This course is a prerequisite for: AGRO 404
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom, Web
ACE Outcomes: 10
HORT 406/806
Plant Ecophysiology: Theory and PracticeCrosslisted as AGRO 406/806, NRES 406/806
Prereqs:
Junior standing; 4 hrs ecology; and 4 hrs botany or plant physiology.
Offered fall semester of even-numbered calendar years.
Principles of plant physiology which underlie the relationship between plants and their physical, chemical and biotic environments. An introduction to the ecological niche, limiting factors and adaptation. An overview of the seed germination and ecology, plant and soil water relations, nutrients, plant energy budgets, photosynthesis, carbon balance and plant-animal interactions. An introduction to various field equipment used in ecophysiological studies.
Credit Hours: 4
Course Format: Lab 1, Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 407/807
Bio-Atmospheric InstrumentationCrosslisted as AGRO 469/869, GEOG 469/869, METR 469/869, MSYM 469/869, NRES 469/869
Prereqs:
Junior standing; MATH 106; 4 hrs physics; physical or biological science major.
Offered fall semester of odd-numbered calendar years.
Discussion and practical application of principles and practices of measuring meteorological and related variables near the earth's surface including temperature, humidity, precipitation, pressure, radiation and wind. Performance characteristics of sensors and modern data collection methods are discussed and evaluated.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab 1, Lecture 2
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 408/808
Microclimate: The Biological EnvironmentCrosslisted as AGRO 408/808, GEOG 408/808, METR 408/808, NRES 408/808, WATS 408
Prereqs:
Junior standing, MATH 106 or equivalent, 5 hrs physics, major in any of the physical or biological sciences or engineering; or permission.
Physical factors that create the biological environment. Radiation and energy balances of earth's surfaces, terrestrial and marine. Temperature, humidity, and wind regimes near the surface. Control of the physical environment through irrigation, windbreaks, frost protection, manipulation of light, and radiation. Applications to air pollution research. Instruments for measuring environmental conditions and remote sensing of the environment.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 414/814
Turfgrass Disease ManagementCrosslisted as AGRO 414/814, PLPT 414/814, TLMT 414/814
Prereqs:
BIOS/PLPT 369 or one semester of introductory plant pathology.
Pathogens, epidemiology, and control of diseases specific to turfgrass.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lecture 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 418/818
Prereqs:
12 hours biological or agricultural sciences.
At least one course in production agriculture and one course in natural resources is strongly suggested. Offered odd-numbered calendar years.
The roles of woody plants in sustainable agricultural systems of temperate regions. Emphasis on the ecological and economic benefits of trees and shrubs in the agricultural landscape. Topics include: habitat diversity and biological control; shelterbelts structure, function, benefits and design; intercropping systems; silvopastoral systems; riparian systems; and production of timber and specialty crops. Comparison of temperate agroforestry systems to those of tropical areas.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 426/826
Invasive PlantsCrosslisted as AGRO 426/826, NRES 426/826
Prereqs:
AGRO/HORT/SOIL 153; BIOS 109.
Identification, biology and ecology of weedy and invasive plants. Principles of invasive plant management by preventative, cultural, biological, mechanical and chemical means using an adaptive management framework. Herbicide terminology and classification, plant-herbicide and soil-herbicide interactions, equipment calibration and dosage calculations.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab 2, Lecture 2
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 427/827
Turfgrass Systems ManagementCrosslisted as TLMT 427/827, AGRO 427/827
Prereqs:
Critical evaluation of turfgrass settings to create economical and environmentally friendly management systems for professionally managed turf areas.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab 3, Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
ACE Outcomes: 10
HORT 429A/829A
Food Security: A Global PerspectiveCrosslisted as ANTH 429A/829A, AGRO 429A/829A, NRES 429A/829A, NUTR 429A/829A
Prereqs:
Junior standing
Overview of the technical and sociocultural dimensions of global food insecurity.

Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 435/835
AgroecologyCrosslisted as AGRO 435/835, NRES 435/835
Prereqs:
For AGRO/HORT/NRES 435: Senior standing or permission. For AGRO/NRES 835: 12 hrs biological or agricultural sciences or permission.
Capstone course. Team projects for developing communication skills and leadership skills.
Integration of principles of ecology, plant and animal sciences, crop protection, and rural landscape planning and management for sustainable agriculture. Includes natural and cultivated ecosystems, population and community ecology, nutrient cycling, pest management, hydrologic cycles, cropping and grazing systems, landscape ecology, biodiversity, and socioeconomic evaluation of systems.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
ACE Outcomes: 10
HORT 436/836
Agroecosystems AnalysisCrosslisted as AGRO 436/836
Prereqs:
Senior standing.
Cost of travel required. Summer travel course with multi-state faculty. Farm visits to Iowa, Minnesota and Nebraska.
Analysis of production, economics, environmental impacts, and social integration aspects of farms and farming systems
Credit Hours: 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 439/839
Organic Farming and Food SystemsCrosslisted as AGRO 439/839
Prereqs:
For 439, 12 credits of agricultural or biological science, economics, or natural resources. For 839, enrolled in M.S. or Ph.D. program.
History of organic farming and horticultural systems, organic certification, nutrient and pest management in organic systems, planning organic enterprises including production and marketing, resilience of organic systems in ecological, economic, and social terms; future issues and potentials of organic food systems.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 441/841
Perennial Plant Function, Growth, and DevelopmentCrosslisted as AGRO 441/841, RNGE 441
Prereqs:
AGRO 325 or equivalent.
Principles of crop physiology and developmental morphology in relation to function, growth, development, and survival of perennial forage, range, and turf plants. The relationship of physiology and morphological development on plant use and management.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 452/852
Irrigation Systems ManagementCrosslisted as MSYM 452/852, WATS 452
Prereqs:
MSYM 109 or general physics; AGRO/SOIL 153 recommended.
Irrigation management and the selection, evaluation, and improvement of irrigation systems. Includes soil-water measurement, crop water use, irrigation scheduling, irrigation efficiency, measurement of water flow, irrigation systems, groundwater and wells, pumping systems, applying chemicals with irrigation systems, and environmental and water resource considerations. Two laboratory sections are available; one which emphasizes agricultural applications and one which emphasizes horticultural applications.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab 2, Lecture 2
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 453
Urban Soil Properties and ManagementCrosslisted as AGRO 453, LARC 453, SOIL 453
Prereqs:
AGRO/HORT/SOIL 153.
Characteristics of soils in urban settings. Evaluation of soils intended for intensive human uses. Manipulation and remediation of soils subject to construction and other stresses.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Offered spring semester of even-numbered calendar years. HORT 462 requires a culminating group project creating one of four types of nursery landscape businesses.
Principles underlying the production of nursery crops and the profitable management of a nursery. Propagation, crop scheduling, transplanting, handling, and transportation of nursery crops. Cultural considerations such as media, fertilizers, irrigation, and pest control. Economic aspects of running a business include creating income and balance sheets.
Credit Hours: 4
Course Format: Lab 3, Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
ACE Outcomes: 10
HORT 467
Planting DesignCrosslisted as ARCH 467/567/867, LARC 467
Prereqs:
HORT/LARC/NRES 212; ARCH 210 or HORT/LARC 266.
Design processes, principles, and elements as applied to the use of native and ornamental plant materials. Aesthetic, functional, and micro-climatic arrangements of plant material in parks, on commercial property, on home grounds, along roadways, and in urban open spaces. Develop a palette of plants and graphics for designs.
Credit Hours: 4
Course Format: Lecture 4
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 469
Senior Landscape DesignCrosslisted as ARCH 469
Prereqs:
HORT 341 and/or permission.
Capstone course.
Capstone course for the landscape option. Students work individually on real-world projects with actual clients. They select the project location and scope in consultation with the instructor prior to the semester this course is taken. The project must reflect evidence of a design process, design articulation and communication understandable to the client and provide in depth drawings, details needed to carry out the implementation of the design.
Credit Hours: 4
Course Format: Studio 8
Course Delivery: Classroom
ACE Outcomes: 10
HORT 470
Critical Thinking in Landscape ManagementCrosslisted as TLMT 470, AGRO 470
Prereqs:
AGRO/HORT/PGMP/TLMT 326.
Form a landscape management company.
Using processes and strategies to identify and compare issues, make recommendations, demonstrate proficiency in field application as skills and techniques, and prepare cost estimates in the development of landscape management plans.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab 3, Lecture 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
ACE Outcomes: 10
HORT 471/871
Vines, Wines and YouCrosslisted as NUTR 471/871, HRTM 471/871
Prereqs:
6 hrs science or equivalent experience; 21 years of age or older.
Proof of age is required.
Origin, botany, historical and cultural significance of the grapevine and related species. Principles and practices of vineyard establishment, management and processing of grape products, importance and/or scope of grape and wine industry; global and local significance. Culinary applications, health, environmental and safety-related issues, business and industry relations and experience.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab, Lecture
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 480/880
Modified RootzonesCrosslisted as TLMT 480/880, AGRO 480/880
Offered as a five-week course.
Modified rootzones and their applications in the turfgrass and landscape management industry. Correct applications and construction techniques.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lecture 1
Course Delivery: Web
HORT 488/888
Business Management for Agricultural EnterprisesCrosslisted as AGRO 488/888, EAEP 488/888, ENTR 488/888, ABUS 488
HORT 488/888 requires the completion of a shadowing assignment and the analyses of case studies.
Research a specific agricultural enterprise. Develop and present a business plan using materials from the primary area of interest.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom, Web
ACE Outcomes: 10
HORT 489/889
Urbanization of Rural LandscapesCrosslisted as AGRO 489/889, CRPL 489/889
Prereqs:
Senior standing, graduate standing, or permission.
Development converts rural landscapes into housing, roads, malls, parks, and commercial uses. This process fragments landscapes and changes ecosystem functions, drives up land prices, and pushes agriculture into more marginal areas.This multi-disciplinary, experiential course guides students in learning about the urbanization process, the impacts on landscapes, people, and the community, and the choices that are available to informed citizens.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 495
Grasslands SeminarCrosslisted as AGRO 495, ENTO 495, GRAS 495, NRES 495, RNGE 495, SOIL 495
Prereqs:
Junior standing.
Topic varies and deals with different aspects of forage and/or range and/or livestock, turf and/or landscape grasses, natural habitats, and wetlands.
Credit Hours: 1-2
Max credits per degree: 4
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 498/898
Topics in Landscape ArchitectureCrosslisted as LARC 498/598
Prereqs:
Senior standing and permission.
Topical readings, theory, research, and practice in landscape architecture. Topics might include, but are not limited to, sustainable landscapes, visual and aesthetic assessment, restoration and reclamation, landscape management, recreational landscapes, art in the landscape, landscape ecology applied to design and planning, historical landscape preservation, and plant materials for the Great Plains landscape.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lecture 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 499H
Prereqs:
Admission to the University Honors Program and permission, AGRI 299H recommended.
Conduct a scholarly research project and write a University Honors Program undergraduate thesis.
Credit Hours: 3-6
Max credits per degree: 6
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 802
Ecology and Management of Plant PathogensCrosslisted as PLPT 802, AGRO 802
Prereqs:
PLPT 369 or equivalent; an introduction to biochemistry course.
Principles of plant disease epidemiology and disease control through cultural, biological, chemical and host plant resistance strategies.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 810
Plant Molecular BiologyCrosslisted as BIOC 810, BIOS 810, AGRO 810
Prereqs:
AGRO 315 or BIOS 206; BIOC 831 or permission
Molecular genetic basis of biological function in higher plants. Genome organization, gene structure and function, regulation of gene expression, recombinant DNA, and genetic engineering principles. Material taken primarily from current literature.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 811
Plant Tissue CultureCrosslisted as BIOS 811, NRES 811
Prereqs:
BIOS 109; AGRO 325 which includes CHEM 109, 110; or equivalent
Survey of techniques used in plant cell, tissue and organ culture, including current research. Laboratory emphasizes practical manipulation of plant cells, tissues, and organs, including examples from woody and herbaceous plant species.
Credit Hours: 4
Course Format: Lab 4, Lecture 2
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 812
Landscape EcologyCrosslisted as NRES 810
Prereqs:
12 hrs biological sciences or related fields including BIOS 320 or permission
Spatial arrangements of ecosystems, the interaction among component ecosystems through the flow of energy, materials and organisms, and alteration of this structure through natural or anthropogenic forces.
Credit Hours: 3
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 813
Turfgrass and Landscape Weed ManagementCrosslisted as AGRO 813, TLMT 813
Fundamental terminology associated with turfgrass and landscape weed management. Weed identification and the cultural practices and herbicide strategies to limit weed invasion and persistence.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lab 2, Lecture 1
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 821
Learning BiotechnologyCrosslisted as AGRO 821
Investigate biotechnology and its application in solving problems and connect biotechnology to basic science concepts in biology and chemistry.  Integrate individually-designed biotechnology lessons into learning standards.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Web
HORT 822
Integrated Weed ManagementCrosslisted as AGRO 822
Prereqs:
12 hrs AGRO and/or closely related HORT and/or BIOS
Principles and application of (IWM). Noxious and invasive weed species. Crops and weed control. Plant population shifts. Use of herbicides and the biologically effective dose. Critical period of weed control and weed threshold. Herbicide tolerant crops.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lecture 1
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 824
Prereqs:
AGRO 325 or basic course in plant physiology. A course in organic chemistry or biochemistry recommended.
Offered spring semesters.
Macro and micro nutrient elements and their function in the growth and development of plants. Role of single elements. Interaction and/or balances between elements and nutrient deficiency and/or toxicity symptoms as they affect the physiology of the whole plant. Relationship between crop nutrition and production and/or environmental considerations (e.g. yield, drought, temperature, pests).
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab 3, Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 825
Turfgrass Science and CultureCrosslisted as AGRO 825
Prereqs:
9 hrs agricultural plant science and 3 hrs soil science
Offered fall semester of odd-numbered calendar years. Methods and principles of establishment and maintenance of turfgrasses. Climate adaptation; methods of identification and propagation; equipment; fertility and watering practices; insects; diseases; and weed control.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab 2, Lecture 2
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 832
Learning Plant ScienceCrosslisted as AGRO 832
The biology of plants grown for food, fiber, fuel and fun.  Connect applied plant science to basic science concepts in biology and chemistry.  Integrate individually-designed plant science lessons into learning standards.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Web
HORT 840
TLMT/HORT 440/840 is offered as a five-week course.
Principles of turfgrass and landscape plant pest management and tools to implement Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approaches. Creating healthy landscapes and effectiveness of IPM alternatives.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lecture 1, Recitation 2
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 842A
Course is taught by faculty from the University of Nebraska-Kearney, and will be offered in the spring semester of even-numbered calendar years. To enroll, students must be accepted into the horticulture graduate certificate program or get permission.
Survey of the principles and practice of plant pathology. The main and genetic elements in plant disease will be covered. Many of the major diseases, as well as their causes and effects, will be surveyed.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Web
HORT 842B
Course is taught by faculty from the University of Nebraska-Kearney, and will be offered in the fall semester of even-numbered calendar years. To enroll, students must be accepted into the horticulture graduate certificate program or get permission.
Life processes of plants, with an emphasis on water relations and hormonal and stress physiology. Includes fundamental concepts underlying the science of crop physiology, including crop phenology, canopy development and light interception, photosynthesis and respiration, and dry matter partitioning.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Web
Prereqs:
Admission to the Horticulture graduate certificate program; and permission.
Distance education course delivered by Kansas State University. HORT 842E is offered spring semester of even-numbered calendar years.
Principles and commercial practices for producting floral potted crops and cut flowers and the physical responses of plants to their environment. Aspects of post harvest physiology.
Credit Hours: 2
Course Format: Lecture 2
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Admission to the Horticulture graduate certificate program; and permission.
Distance education course delivered by Kansas State University. Hort 842J is offered spring semesters.
Critical water issues related to irrigation in urbanizing watersheds and water quality and quantity.  Factors impacting water scarcity and quality. Interrelatedness of correct irrigation practices and water quality/quantity and equip students to protect water resources through application of science-based irrigation practices.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Admission to the Horticulture graduate certificate program; and permission.
Distance education course delivered by Texas Tech University. Hort 843A is offered spring semester of odd-numbered calendar years.
Introduction to the concepts of greenhouse construction, operation and management for a variety of horticultural crops, with an emphasis on ornamental crops.  Greenhouse construction, heating, cooling, growing media, pest management, nutrition, fertility, growth regulation, irrigation, post-harvest handling, and marketing of greenhouse crops.
Credit Hours: 4
Course Format: Lecture 4
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 843B
Prereqs:
Admission to the Horticulture graduate certificate program; and permission.
Distance education course delivered by Texas Tech University. HORT 843B is offered spring semester of even-number calendar years.
Seed morphology, anatomy, and chemistry. Germination, emergence, and dormancy processes in seed, as well as various quality aspects including vigor, longevity, and deterioration. Discussion of genetically engineered seeds and other current topics.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Admission to the Horticulture graduate certificate program; and permission.
Distance education course delivered by Texas Tech University. HORT 843E is offered spring semester of even-numbered calendar years.
Physiological principles and industry practices in the production, moving, care, and maintenance of interior plants. Career tools to design, install and maintain interior plant-scapes.  Review of pertinent literature and class exercises designed to improve skills and knowledge of interior plant physiology, care and maintenance.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 843J
Prereqs:
Admission to the Horticulture graduate certificate program; and permission.
Distance education course delivered by Texas Tech University. HORT 843E is offered spring semester of odd-numbered calendar years.
Familiarize advanced students with current state of knowledge on herbicide modes and mechanisms of action and recent developments by industry and universities in plant physiology. Integration of plant pathology, plant physiology, biochemistry, plant breeding, and principles of weed science as they relate to herbicide modes and mechanisms of action.
Credit Hours: 4
Course Format: Lecture 4
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Admission to the Horticulture graduate certificate program; and permission.
Distance education course delivered by Texas Tech University. HORT 843K is offered fall semester of odd-numbered calendar years.
Physiological principles and industry practices in the production, moving, care, and maintenance of ornamental trees, shrubs, and ground covers. Provides career tools for installation and maintenance woody plants.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 843M
Prereqs:
Admission to the Horticulture graduate certificate program; and permission.
Distance education course delivered by Texas Tech University. HORT 843M is offered fall semester of odd-numbered calendar years.
Weeds and weed control methods in agronomic and horticultural crops and turf grass with chemical weed control. History of weed control, weed characteristics, weed competition, and methods of weed control including mechanical, cultural, biological, and chemical. Discussion of herbicides by family with regard to chemical structure, efficacy, mode and mechanism of action, crop selectivity, soil activity and persistence, and cost.
Credit Hours: 4
Course Format: Lecture 4
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Admission to the Horticulture graduate certificate program; and permission.
Distance education course delivered by North Carolina State University. HORT 844A is offered spring semester of odd-numbered calendar years.
Cultural nursery crop production practices presented in consideration of current best management practices, conservation of resources, scientific research-based investigations related to nursery cultural practices, potential risks to nursery personnel, and off-site movement of airborne materials and effluents to surrounding areas and public watersheds.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Admission to the Horticulture graduate certificate program; and permission.
Distance education course delivered by North Carolina State University. HORT 844B is offered spring semester every year and fall semester of even-numbered calendar years.
Physiology of plant responses to environmental stresses, with emphasis on current research in selected physiological, molecular, and biochemical mechanisms for tolerance to environmental stresses, such as temperature extremes, drought, salt, pathogens and other plants.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lecture 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Admission to the Horticulture graduate certificate program; and permission.
Distance education course delivered by North Carolina State University.  HORT 844E is offered spring semester of odd-numbered calendar years.
Aspects of grapes from vine anatomy to final products.  Cultivars, propagation, canopy management, diseases, weed control, physiology, anatomy, irrigation, wine production, climates and soils.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 849
Woody Plant Growth and DevelopmentCrosslisted as BIOS 849, NRES 849
Prereqs:
Offered fall semester of odd-numbered calendar years. Plant growth and development specifically of woody plants as viewed from an applied whole-plant physiological level. Plant growth regulators, structure and secondary growth characteristics of woody plants, juvenility, senescence, abscission and dormancy.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 2
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 880
Modified RootzonesCrosslisted as TLMT 880, AGRO 880
Modified rootzones and their applications in the turfgrass and landscape management industry. Correct applications and construction techniques.
Credit Hours: 1
Course Format: Lab 2, Lecture 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 894
Graduate Degree Project CreditsCrosslisted as AGRO 894
Prereqs:
Admission to Master of Agronmy or Horticulture degree program.
Project activity for the nonthesis option II MS degree.
Design, develop and complete a project that requires synthesis of the course topics covered in the primary area of emphasis.
Credit Hours: 1-6
Max credits per degree: 6
Course Format: Independent Study
Course Delivery:
Prereqs:
12 hrs plant sciences, permission and advance approval of plan of work
Individual or group projects in research and literature review under supervision and evaluation of a departmental faculty member.
Credit Hours: 1-5
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 897
Master of Applied Science ProjectCrosslisted as AGRI 897, AGRO 897, NRES 897
Prereqs:
Admission to Master of Applied Science degree program
Project activity for the Master of Applied Science degree.
Design, develop and complete a project that requires synthesis of the course topics covered in the primary area of emphasis.
Credit Hours: 1-6
Max credits per degree: 6
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 899
Prereqs:
Admission to masters degree program and permission of major adviser.
HORT 899 is pass/no pass only.
This course has no description.
Credit Hours: 6-10
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 907
Agricultural ClimatologyCrosslisted as AGRO 907, METR 907, NRES 907
Prereqs:
NRES 808; STAT 801 or equivalent
Offered spring semester of odd-numbered calendar years. Analysis and use of climatological data as applied to agricultural activities and the use of climatological information to assist in decision making.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lab 2, Lecture 2
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 908
Solar Radiation Interactions at the Earth’s SurfaceCrosslisted as AGRO 908, METR 908, NRES 908
Prereqs:
MATH 208; NRES 808 or equivalent or permission
Offered spring semester of even-numbered calendar years. Quantitative study of radiative transfer to the earth’s surface and subsequent interactions of radiation with vegetative components and underlying surfaces. Applications of canopy radiative modeling and remote sensing techniques, particularly in understanding land-surface processes, are discussed.
Credit Hours: 3
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 909
Crop Responses to EnvironmentCrosslisted as AGRO 909, NRES 909
Prereqs:
MATH 208, NRES 808, or equivalent or permission
Offered odd-numbered calendar years. Physiological and developmental aspects of hardiness and growth of crop plants as affected by light, temperature, wind, and water. Design, function, and limitations of controlled environment facilities in plant research.
Credit Hours: 3
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 919
Plant GeneticsCrosslisted as AGRO 919
Prereqs:
Focus student learning on principles related to mendelian, population, and molecular genetics of plants including allelisms, nonallelic gene interaction, linkage and recombination, mode of inheritance, mutation, epigenetics, DNA-based makers and mapping techniques, inheritance of qualitative and quantitative traits, and plant transformation.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 92
Plant Biology Portfolio and AssessmentCrosslisted as AGRO 92, NRES 92
Prereqs:
Junior standing in Plant Biology degree program.
Required for graduation.  Pass/No Pass only.  Offered every Fall during the first 5 weeks.
Development of an experiential portfolio and completion of an online survey as part of assessment activities.
Credit Hours: 0
Course Format: Lecture
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 920
Xenobiotics in the EnvironmentCrosslisted as NRES 920, AGRO 920, ENTO 920
Prereqs:
Recommend one course each in organic chemistry, soil science, biochemistry, plant physiology, microbiology and ecology
ENTO 920 is offered in odd-numbered calendar years.
Fate and ecotoxicological impacts of biologically foreign compounds in soil-water-plant environments; uptake, mechanisms of toxicity and metabolism in plants and other biota. Herbicides and other pesticides.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 931
Population GeneticsCrosslisted as AGRO 931, ASCI 931
Prereqs:
Structure of populations, forces affecting gene frequency and frequency of genotypes, continuous variation, population values and means, genotypic and environmental variances and covariances.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 963
Genetics of Host-Parasite InteractionCrosslisted as AGRO 963, BIOS 963
Prereqs:
Recommended BIOS 312; BIOS *864A or *864B; and BIOC 837. Offered even-numbered calendar years.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 2
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 963
Genetics of Host-Parasite InteractionCrosslisted as AGRO 963, BIOS 963, PLPT 963
Prereqs:
BIOS 820; and permission.
BIOC 837; BIOS 312; and PLPT 801 or 802 recommended. PLPT 963 is offered odd-numbered calendar years.
This course has no description.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 965
Plant VirologyCrosslisted as BIOS 965, PLPT 965, AGRO 965
Prereqs:
PLPT 801 or 802; and permission.
PLPT 865 is offered odd-numbered calendar years.
Virus molecular biology; virosphere; virus-vector relationships; plant resistance to virus infection economic impact and control of plant diseases by viruses.
Credit Hours: 3
Course Format: Lecture 3
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 968
Seminar in Plant PathologyCrosslisted as BIOS 968, PLPT 968, AGRO 968
Prereqs:
Permission.
This course has no description.
Credit Hours: N/A
Max credits per semester: 1
Course Format: Lecture 1
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 991
Seminar Presentation and EvaluationCrosslisted as AGRO 991
AGRO 991 is required for all MS students. Various topics in horticulture, agronomy or related subjects. Emphasis on techniques.
Credit Hours: 1
Max credits per degree: 2
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 992
General SeminarCrosslisted as AGRO 992, NRES 992
Prereqs:
Permission
Expected of all horticulture graduate students and all agronomy PhD students; optional for agronomy MS students. Presentation of thesis or non-thesis topics in agronomy, horticulture or related subjects. For course description, see AGRO 992.
Credit Hours: 1
Max credits per degree: 5
Course Format: Lecture
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Permission
Investigations, without reference to thesis work, on genetic, physiological, ecological, meteorological, and morphological aspects of horticultural crops.
Credit Hours: 1-6
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
Prereqs:
Admission to doctoral degree program and permission of supervisory committee chair
This course has no description.
Credit Hours: 1-24
Max credits per degree: 55
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom
HORT 999
Doctoral DissertationCrosslisted as AGRO 999
Prereqs:
Admission to doctoral degree program and permission of supervisory committee chair.
AGRO 999 is pass/no pass only.
This course has no description.
Credit Hours: 1-24
Max credits per degree: 55
Campus:
Course Delivery: Classroom