One year biological sciences, one year general chemistry, and one semester organic chemistry or one semester biochemistry.
One semester organic chemistry and one semester biochemistry recommended. Parallel registration in BIOS 313 or 314 recommended. Credit towards the degree can be earned in only one: BIOS 312 or AGRO 360.
Microbial cell structure, genetics, metabolic and biosynthetic activity, diversity, ecology and evolution including host-microbe interactions.