Arts & Sciences Plant Biology (ASC)
|College:||Arts & Sciences|
|Degree Offered:||Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science|
|Minimum Cumulative GPA:||2.0 for graduation|
Plant Biology (ASC)
COLLEGE: Arts & Sciences
MAJOR: Plant Biology (ASC)
DEGREE OFFERED: Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science
HOURS REQUIRED: 120
MINIMUM CUMULATIVE GPA: 2.0 for graduation
MINOR AVAILABLE: Yes
ADVISOR: Donald Lee
Steering Committee: Paparozzi (chair) (agronomy and horticulture); Awada (natural resources); Cahoon (center for plant science innovation); Lee (agronomy and horticulture); Markwell (biochemistry); Osterman (biological sciences); Powers (plant pathology); Schacht (agronomy and horticulture); Wedin (natural resources)
Chief Academic Advisor: Donald Lee (agronomy and horticulture) 279 Plant Sciences
The plant biology major is designed to provide a flexible entry for undergraduate students that have an interest in the plant sciences. Once enrolled in the program, students will take a core of classes that will allow them to continue in the plant biology major or would also allow them to easily transfer to other Life Sciences programs. Students will have the opportunity to interact with the faculty of the Center for Plant Science Innovation as well as the above departments and schools for advising and research opportunities.
The goal of the plant biology program is to offer a field of study to students who are interested and talented in the basic sciences and mathematics and who: 1) may never have considered applying this knowledge to plants, 2) have always dreamed of this field of study, and/or 3) have always had an interest in plants but are uncertain that this field of study is right for them.
Studying plant biology will allow students to explore their knowledge of plants at the: 1) molecular (biotechnology option); 2) cellular and organismal (biological, biochemical/chemical sciences); 3) whole plant/applied physiological (horticulture and agronomy courses); and 4) ecological levels (ecology and management option). Students may select a bachelor of science track through the College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources or a bachelor of science or bachelor of arts track through the College of Arts and Sciences. Every student must complete a set of core courses that provide breadth in basic sciences. Introduction to Plant Biology should be taken during the first semester in the program. Students also must complete an emphasis to provide depth in one of the following options: Biotechnology or Ecology and Management.
The plant biology program includes a career experience/internship course (AGRO 295/RNGE 295/SOIL 295, BIOS 395, HORT 395/AGRO 395/TLMT 395, NRES 497) which provides the opportunity to gain work experience in an off-campus setting related to a students academic and career objectives.
A research project initiated by the beginning of the junior year is required. Presentation of this work will be part of the Plant Biology Portfolio and Assessment course.
Students interested in majoring in plant biology through the College of Arts and Sciences are advised to make an initial appointment with the Chief Academic Advisor who will then assign them to a faculty member in Arts and Sciences.
Core Courses (BA & BS degree)
STAT 218 Introduction to Statistics3
AGRO 325 Introductory Plant Physiology4
BIOS 109 General Botany4
BIOS 207 Ecology & Evolution4
CHEM 109 General Chemistry I4
Students interested in attending graduate school should also take PHYS 141 Elementary General Physics I or higher.
Ecology and Management Option
In addition, students must take at least 3 credits from each of the following six categories (Water/Climate, Geospatial Information Sciences, Plant Identification, Plant-Animal-Organismal Interactions, Ecology and Management).
METR 100 Weather & Climate (4 cr)
NRES 208 Applied Climate Sciences (3 cr)
Geospatial Information Sciences
BIOS 455 Great Plains Flora (4 cr)
BIOS 475 Ornithology (3 cr)
NRES 211 Introduction to Conservation Biology (3 cr)
NRES 311 Wildlife Ecology & Management (3 cr)
NRES 348 Wildlife Damage Management (3 cr)
Ecology and Management
AGRO 204 Resource-Efficient Crop Management (3 cr)
BIOS 470 Prairie Ecology (4 cr)
HORT 130 Introduction to Horticulture Science (4 cr)
NRES 310 Introduction to Forest Management (4 cr)
NRES 424 Forest Ecology (4 cr)
BIOS 312 Microbiology (3 cr)
Students considering graduate school should also take BIOS 478 Plant Anatomy (4 cr)
In addition, students must take at least 3 credits from each of the following three categories below for a total of 17 hours or more. 17
BIOS 205 Genetics, Molecular & Cellular Biology Lab (2 cr)
BIOS 302 Cell Biology (3 cr)
BIOS 407 Biology of Cells & Organelles (4 cr)
BIOS 418 Advanced Genetics (3 cr)
BIOS 420 Molecular Genetics (3 cr)
BIOS 425 Plant Biotechnology (3 cr)
BIOS 477 Bioinformatics & Molecular Evolution (3 cr)
Applied Plant Biology
AGRO 411 Crop Genetic Engineering (2 cr)
AGRO 412 Crop & Weed Genetics (1 cr)
HORT 221 Plant Propagation (3 cr)
Plant and Food System Management
AGRO 204 Resource-Efficient Crop Management (3 cr)
AGRO 437 Animal, Food & Industrial Uses of Grain (2 cr)
AGRO 438 Producing Grain for Animal, Food & Industrial Uses (1 cr)
FDST 205 Food Composition & Analysis (3 cr)
HORT 325 Greenhouse Practices & Management (4 cr)
HORT 352 Production and Physiology of Horticultural Crops (2 cr)
HORT 355 Perennial, Pot & Bedding Plant Production Lab (2 cr)
HORT 462 Nursery Management & Crop Production (4 cr)
In the course of satisfying the College of Arts and Sciences General Education requirements, students are encouraged to take a course in economics (ACE 6) and courses which will further enhance their oral communication skills (ACE 2) as well as courses that fulfill the ACE Outcomes 5, 7, 8, 9, and 10. See your advisor to select which course or courses may be best for you.
ADDITIONAL MAJOR REQUIREMENTS
Pass/No Pass Limits
Students in plant biology may not take any of the core courses required for the major Pass/No Pass except for the Career Experience courses.
REQUIREMENTS FOR MINOR OFFERED BY DEPARTMENT
Requirements for the minor include 19 hours of course work, with a minimum of 7 hours at the 300 level or above.
AGRO 325 Introductory Plant Physiology4
BIOS 109 General Botany4
Select either the Biotechnology Focus or Ecology and Management Focus
Any 300 or 400 level course listed under the Plant Biology Major
Ecology and Management Focus
Any 300 or 400 level course listed under the Plant Biology Major
Ecology and Management Option3-4
The entrance requirements for the College of Arts and Sciences are the same as the UNL General Admission Requirements. Students who are admitted through the Admission by Review process may have certain conditions attached to their enrollment at UNL. These conditions are explained under “Removal of Deficiencies.”
In addition to these requirements, the College of Arts and Sciences strongly recommends a third and fourth year of languages. Four years of high school language will exempt students from the College of Arts and Sciences’ language requirement. It will also allow students to continue language study at a more advanced level, and give more opportunity to study abroad.
To be considered for admission as a transfer student, Nebraska resident or nonresident, students must have an accumulated average of C (2.0 on a 4.0 scale) and a minimum C average in the last semester of attendance at another college. Transfer students who graduated from high school January 1997 and after must also meet the UNL General Admissions Requirements. Those transfer students who graduated before January 1997 must have completed in high school 3 years of English, 2 years of the same foreign language, 2 years of algebra, and 1 year of geometry. Transfer students who have completed less than 12 credit hours of college study must submit either the ACT or SAT scores.
Ordinarily, hours earned at an accredited college are accepted by the University. The College, however, will evaluate all hours submitted on an application for transfer and reserves the right to accept or reject any of them. Sixty is the maximum number of hours the University will accept on transfer from a two-year college. Transfer credit in the major must be approved by the major advisor on a Request for Substitution Form to meet specific course requirements, group requirements, or course level requirements in the major. At least half of the hours in the major field must be completed at the University regardless of the number of hours transferred.
The College of Arts and Sciences will accept no more than 15 semester hours of C- and D grades from other schools. The C- and D grades cannot be applied toward requirements for a major or minor. This policy does not apply to the transfer of grades from UNO or UNK to UNL. All D grades may be transferred from UNO or UNK, but they are not applicable to a major or minor.
Students readmitted to the College of Arts and Sciences will follow the requirements stated in the bulletin for the academic year of readmission and reenrollment as a degree-seeking student in Arts and Sciences. In consultation with advisors, a student may choose to follow a bulletin for any academic year in which they are admitted to and enrolled as a degree-seeking student at UNL in the College of Arts and Sciences. Students must complete all degree requirements from a single bulletin year. Beginning in 1990-1991, the bulletin which a student follows for degree requirements may not be more than 10 years old at the time of graduation.
Admission Deficiencies/Removal of Deficiencies
Students must remove entrance deficiencies in geometry and foreign language before graduating from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Removing Foreign Language Deficiencies
Students must complete the second semester of the first year language sequence to clear the deficiency and the second semester of the second year language sequence to complete the college graduation requirement in language.
Removing Geometry Deficiencies
A deficiency of one year of geometry can be removed by taking two high school geometry courses by Independent Study or by completing a geometry course from an accredited community college or a four-year institution. Neither of these options count for college credit.
College Degree Requirements
College General Education Requirements
The College of Arts and Sciences distribution requirements are designed to further the purposes of liberal education by encouraging study in several different areas. Courses satisfying these requirements may impart specialized knowledge or broadly connect the subject matter to other areas of knowledge.
All requirements are in addition to University ACE requirements. A student may not use a single course to satisfy more than one of the following five distribution requirements. A student cannot use a single course to satisfy both an ACE outcome and a College distribution requirement. A student cannot use a course from their major to satisfy the Breadth Requirement (F), but may apply an ancillary requirement of the primary major or a course from their second major toward this requirement. Independent study or reading courses and internships cannot be used to satisfy distribution requirements. To see a complete list of excluded courses, run a degree audit through MyRED.
Courses from interdisciplinary programs will count in the same area as courses from the home/cross-listed department(s).
Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science (16 credits + Language)
A. Written Communication: 3 hours
To be selected from courses approved for ACE outcome 1.
B. Natural, Physical and Mathematical Sciences: 4 hours
Select from biochemistry, biological sciences, chemistry, computer science, geology, meteorology, mathematics, physics and statistics. Must include one lab in the natural or physical sciences. Lab courses may be selected from biochemistry, biological sciences, chemistry, geology, meteorology and physics. Select courses from geography* and anthropology* may also be used to satisfy the lab requirement.
* See your degree audit or a College of Arts and Sciences advisor for approved geography and anthropology lab courses and individual courses that fall outside of the departments listed above or courses cross-listed with an Arts and Sciences department.
C. Humanities: 3 hours
Select from: classics*, English, history, modern languages and literatures*, philosophy, and religious studies*.
*Language courses numbered 210 or below apply only for the foreign language requirement.
D. Social Sciences: 3 hours
Select from: anthropology*, communication studies, geography*, political science, psychology*, or sociology.
*See degree audit or College of Arts and Sciences advisor for list of natural/physical science courses in anthropology, geography, and psychology that do not apply as social sciences.
E. Languages Classical and Modern: 0-6 hours
Fulfilled by the completion of the 6-credit-hour second-year sequence in a single foreign language in one of the following departments: Classics and religious studies, modern languages and literatures, or anthropology. Instruction is currently available in Arabic, Chinese, Czech, French, German, Greek, Japanese, Latin, Omaha, Russian, and Spanish. A student who has completed the fourth-year level of one foreign language in high school is exempt from the languages requirement.
F. Additional Breadth Requirement (may not be used toward the primary major; may apply toward ancillary requirements and second majors): 3 hours
Select from: natural, physical and mathematical sciences (Area B), humanities (Area C), or social sciences (Area D).
The bachelor of science degree requires students to complete 60 hours in mathematical, physical and natural sciences. Approved courses for scientific base credit come from the following College of Arts & Sciences disciplines: actuarial science, astronomy, biochemistry (excluding BIOC 101), biological sciences (excluding BIOS 150, 160, 203), chemistry (excluding CHEM 101), computer science (excluding CSCE 10), geography (selected techniques courses), geology, life sciences, mathematics (excluding courses below MATH 104), meteorology, physics and statistics.
See your degree audit or a College of Arts and Sciences advisor for a complete list including individual classes that fall outside of the disciplines listed above. Up to 12 hours of scientific and technical courses offered by other colleges may be accepted toward this requirement with approval of a college advisor.
Foreign Languages/Language Requirement
Languages Exemption Policy
UNL and Arts and Sciences will exempt or waive students from the UNL entrance requirement of two years of the same foreign language or from the College’s language distribution requirement based on documentation only. The following are the options and procedures for documentation:
High School Transcripts
1. For the University entrance requirements, students must show an official high school transcript with two or more years of the same foreign language in high school.
2. For the College of Arts and Sciences College Distribution Requirements Area 5 languages requirement, students must show an official high school transcript with four or more years of the same foreign language in high school, or show evidence of graduation from a non-English-speaking foreign high school.
3. For the College of Arts and Sciences College Distribution Requirements Area 5 languages requirement, students whose native language is not English must show English as a Second Language study on an official high school transcript. Four years of ESL at the high school level (9th, 10th, 11th and 12th grades) will be the basis for a waiver of the Area I Language requirement.
Proficiency Examination at UNL
1. For the University entrance requirement, students who do not have transcript documentation can request to take a proficiency exam in the language. (This is not the same test as the Modern Languages Placement Exam.) However, UNL will provide testing only in the languages it teaches. Currently, these languages are:
The Department of Modern Languages will oversee the test and provide written documentation to the Admissions Office that the student has passed the proficiency test at the 102 level.
2. For the College of Arts and Sciences College Distribution Requirements Area E requirement, the Department of Modern Languages will oversee the test at the 202 level. If the student passes the test, the department will sign the College Request for Waiver form and indicate the level of proficiency. The form is then forwarded to the Arts and Sciences Advising Center for approval.
1. For the University entrance requirement, students without transcript documentation who claim proficiency in a language not taught at UNL, have the option of seeking out a distance education program in languages. If the student completes the equivalent of 102 from an approved distance education program, the student will meet the UNL entrance requirement. The student must have the course work approved before he/she takes/completes the course as equivalent to 102 by the modern languages department. The student then completes the course and has the distance education program send the transcript to the Admissions Office.
2. For the College of Arts and Sciences College Distribution Requirements Area E languages, the student can seek out a distance education program and complete the equivalent of the 202-level course. The student must submit the request on the College Request for Substitution form and have the course work approved by the Department of Modern Languages and Literatures and the Director of Advising. The student then completes the course and has the distance education program send the transcript to the Admissions Office.
Third Language Option
If a student demonstrates knowledge of two foreign languages at the 102 level, the College of Arts and Sciences may consider waiving two semesters of the four semester College Distribution Requirements Area 5 languages requirement. If this waiver were granted, the student would then be required to complete 101 and 102 in another (3rd language) at UNL.
Minimum Hours Required for Graduation
A minimum of 120 semester hours of credit is required for graduation from the College of Arts and Sciences. A total grade point average of at least 2.0 is required.
Restrictions on C- and D Grades
The College will accept no more than 15 semester hours of C- and D grades from other schools except for UNO and UNK. No transfer C- and D grades can be applied toward requirements in a major or a minor. No UNL C- and D grades can be applied toward requirements in a major or a minor.
Pass/No Pass Privilege
University regulations for the Pass/No Pass (P/N) privilege state:
- The Pass/No Pass option is designed for your use by seeking to expand your intellectual horizons by taking courses in areas where you may have had minimal preparation.
For students in Arts and Sciences, the University regulations for Pass/No Pass apply as follows:
- Neither the P nor the N grade contribute to your GPA.
- P is interpreted to mean C or above.
- A change to or from a Pass/No Pass may be made until mid-term (1/2 of the course).
- The Pass/No Pass or grade registration cannot conflict with the policy of the professor, department, college, or University governing the grading option.
- Changing to or from Pass/No Pass requires using the MyRED system to change the grading option or filing a Drop/Add form with the Office of the University Registrar, 107 Canfield Administration Building. After mid-term of the course, a student registered for Pass/No Pass cannot change to a grade registration unless the Pass/No Pass registration is in conflict with the policy of the professor, department, college, or University governing Pass/No Pass. The Pass/No Pass grading option is not available to students on academic probation unless the course is offered only on a Pass/No Pass basis.
- The Pass/No Pass grading option cannot be used for the removal of C- or D or F grades.
Pass/No Pass privileges in the College of Arts and Sciences are extended to students according to the following additional regulations:
- Pass/No Pass hours can count toward fulfillment of University ACE requirements and college distribution requirements up to the 24-hour maximum.
- Many Arts and Sciences departments and programs do not allow courses in the major or minor to be taken Pass/No Pass; students should refer to the department’s or program’s section of the bulletin for clarification. By college rule, departments can allow up to 6 hours of Pass/No Pass in the major or minor.
- Freshmen and sophomores may enroll for no more than 6 hours of P/N work per semester.
- Departments may specify that certain courses of theirs can be taken only on a P/N basis.
- The college will permit no more than a total of 24 semester hours of P/N grades to be applied toward degree requirements. This total includes all Pass grades earned at UNL and other U.S. schools. NOTE: This 24-hour limit is more restrictive than the University regulation.
Students who wish to apply P/N hours to their major and minor(s) must obtain approval on a form that is available in the Arts and Sciences Advising Center, 107 Oldfather Hall.
A student who feels that he/she has been unfairly graded must ordinarily take the following sequential steps in a timely manner, usually by initiating the appeal in the semester following the awarding of the grade:
1. Talk with the instructor concerned. Most problems are resolved at this point.
2. Talk to the instructor’s department chairperson.
3. Take the case to the Grading Appeal Committee of the department concerned. The Committee should be contacted through the department chairperson.
4. Take the case to the College Grading Appeals Committee by contacting the Dean’s Office, 1223 Oldfather Hall.
Course Level Requirements
Courses Numbered above 299
Thirty of the 120 semester hours of credit must be in courses numbered above 299. Of the 30 hours above 299, 15 hours (1/2) must be completed in residence at UNL. NOTE: ALEC 397E and ALEC 397K do not count toward these 30 hours.
Seniors in the University who have obtained in advance the approval of the dean for Graduate Studies may receive up to 12 hours credit for graduate courses taken in addition to the courses necessary to complete their undergraduate work, provided that such credits are earned within the calendar year prior to receipt of the baccalaureate. For procedures, inquire at the Office of Graduate Studies.
Course work taken prior to receipt of the baccalaureate may not always be accepted for transfer to other institutions as graduate work.
Residency Requirement and Open Enrollment and Summer Independent Study Courses
Students must complete at least 30 of the 120 total hours for their degree at UNL. Students must complete at least 1/2 of their major course work including 6 hours above 299 in their major, and 15 of the 30 hours required above 299 in residence. Credit earned during education abroad may be used toward the residency requirement if students register through UNL and participate in prior-approved education abroad programs. UNL open enrollment and summer independent study courses count toward residence.
Consistent with the mission and values of the University, ACE is based on a shared set of four institutional objectives and 10 student learning outcomes. The ACE program was approved by faculty in all eight undergraduate colleges and endorsed by the Faculty Senate, the student government, and the Academic Planning Committee in January 2008 for implementation in the fall 2009. ACE aligns with current national initiatives in general education.
Key characteristics of ACE demonstrate the benefits of the program to students:
- Students receive a broad education with exposure to multiple disciplines, critical life skills and important reasoning, inquiry, and civic capacities.
- ACE is simple and transparent for students, faculty and advisors. Students complete the equivalent of 3 credit hours for each of the ten student learning outcomes.
- Students connect and integrate their ACE experiences with their selected major.
- Students can transfer all ACE certified courses across colleges within the institution to meet the ACE requirement and any course from outside the institution that is directly equivalent to a UNL ACE-certified course. Courses from outside institutions without direct equivalents may be considered with appropriate documentation for ACE credit (see academic advisor).
ACE allows faculty to assess and improve their effectiveness and facilitate students’ learning.
ACE Institutional Objectives and Student Learning Outcomes
To meet the ACE Program requirement, a student will complete the equivalent of 3 credit hours for each of the ten ACE Student Learning Outcomes (a total of 30 ACE credit hours). See the ACE website at: http://ace.unl.edu for the most current information and the most recently certified courses.
Students must fulfill the requirements stated in the bulletin for the academic year in which they are first admitted to and enrolled as a degree-seeking student at UNL. In consultation with advisors, a student may choose to follow a subsequent bulletin for any academic year in which they are admitted to and enrolled as a degree-seeking student at UNL in the College of Arts and Sciences. Students must complete all degree requirements from a single bulletin year. Beginning in 1990-1991 the bulletin which a student follows for degree requirements may not be more than 10 years old at the time of graduation.